Pet Food

\\\ Pet Food

\\\ updated November 2021

What Food And Drinks Are Good For Your Pet?

Every pet needs feeding every day

Whether your pet is a fussy eater, large eater, small eater, likes raw pet food, wet pet food, natural pet food, dry pet food, handcrafted pet food, homemade recipes, or is a senior dog or cat or needs kitten or puppy food, there’s plenty to choose from a large selection of manufacturers available from thousands of UK outlets.

Just as we like to change our daily menus and eat a balanced diet, so do millions of UK pets, whose owners spend billions of pounds every year, making sure their beloved pooches and paws are well-loved. 

The government free website, Money Advice Service, suggests that dog owners are likely to spend approximately £200 to £400 a year to feed a dog, (2018), and there are now more than an estimated 25 million pet dogs and cats in the UK, so the choice keeps getting bigger and bigger for this enormous pet food market.

Premium Foods

There are three types of dog food – Dry, Wet and Raw

  • Dry food may be biscuits, pellets or kibble. 
  • Wet food generally is chunks of (meat) in jelly, in gravy.
  • Raw dog food is often frozen with high meat content. 

Protein is one of the most important food groups, coming from meat or cereals in pet food. Protein levels for wet dog foods look lower compared with dry dog food because of the high water content. However, if you feed your dog the recommended quantities of complete wet food, then they should get a similar daily intake of protein as they would from dry food.

The meat in pet food comes from animal derivatives, being the safe by-products of the human food industry as pet food must be fit for human consumption.

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Buying Your Pet Foods

There’s no one solution to buying pet food and it’s very much what your pet prefers and your choice. What suits one dog may not the next. There’s something for every pet. 

  • 1. Pet owners can cut costs by buying in bulk. Pets can become bored with repetitive purchasing so varying the contents of each bulk purchase is a must. 
  • 2. Compare pet sites for free UK delivery post and packing services to reduce costs.
  • 3. Check the contents of pet products before purchasing. 
  • 4. Pet foods filled with more meat will naturally cost more, cheap pet brands are often bulked out with cereal fillers.  
  • 5. Budget for larger dogs who eat more.  
  • 6. Company’s often oblige providing sample packs of their foods before purchasing bulk items or offer bundle packs. Try the FreeStuff website also for free samples.
  • 7. Take time to read customer reviews particularly before purchasing new pet products or purchasing from new shop accounts. 
  • 8.  Sign up for regular exclusive pet offers and newsletters. 
  • 9.  Look out for pet food companies providing free impartial general veterinary advice services available online for customers, which can be helpful in emergencies.  
  • 10.  Vegan and vegetarian owners may prefer their dogs to follow their lifestyles, however, this is not preferred by vets. Seek professional advice before starting. 

Which Dog And Cat Food Is Best?

There are hundreds of pet food brands to choose from. The British Veterinary Associations advises that commercially manufactured pet food in the UK that meets PFMA (Pet Food Manufacturing Association) guidelines, would have complete nutritional requirements for pets, so buying a ‘complete’ commercial pet food, your pet is getting what they need and there’s no need to supplement with anything else. Many pet food manufacturers have websites providing information about their products. 

Most commercial pet food comes with feeding guidelines on the packaging based on your pet’s weight and activity levels. If new to pet feeding, weigh and measure your pet food to avoid overfeeding. Vets will provide useful advice on diet and lifestyles and free weigh-ins available at good veterinary practices to keep an eye on your pet’s weight.

The government provide various leaflets covering expectations of care by the public for dogs and cats by The Animal Welfare Act 2006, section 9 and expect owners to provide a suitable diet for their pets is one of the 5 important welfare needs outlined. You can read more by downloading the 19 page PDF document called Code of Practice for the welfare of dogs and the 19 page PDF document called Code of Practice for the welfare of cats. 

The PDSA Suggest 5 Points To Watch Buying Pet Food

The largest UK animal charity PDSA, The People’s Dispensary for Sick Animals, has dedicated online information providing lifestyle and dietary advice for a range of pets including dogs, cats rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, tortoise. 

The ingredients on the packaging are listed in order of quantity, so if the meat is at the top of the list, it means the product contains more meat than any other ingredient. 

If the front of the packaging names one type of meat or any other food, such as rice or vegetables, the ingredients list has to state how much of it is actually in the food.  So a dog food ‘with beef and vegetables’ must tell you the percentage of beef and vegetables it’s made up of.

Don’t overfeed your pet; measure the food to ensure you’re giving the correct amount and limit treats.

Protein is one of the most important food groups, coming from meat or cereals in pet food. Protein levels for wet dog foods look lower compared with dry dog food because of the high water content.  

If you feed your dog the recommended quantities of complete wet food, then they should get a similar daily intake of protein as they would from dry food.

The PFMA, Pet Food Manufacturers Association, have a comprehensive page providing further detailed pet food information. 

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Pet Drinks


Just like human’s, dog and cats need fresh water to stay healthy and dehydrated.

It’s important to keep fresh cool clean water available 24/7 in a bowl, in a dedicated place in the house for your dog or cat and likewise small caged pets. 

Pets will like to return to drink water throughout the day and particularly after eating their main meal. If you have two or more pets, then a bowl for each pet is advisable. 

Other Drinks For Dogs

Milk is not advisable to give your dog to drink, as this can upset their digestive system. Some dogs react immediately, others taking a bit longer to show signs of pain and discomfort.

Tea and coffee are not advisable or any other caffeinated drink. These are poisonous to dogs. Alcohol is also toxic to give to dogs.

Specialist dog drinks are a growing market and whilst these are marketed as treats they should be served only for special occasions and not for everyday consumption. 

Other Drinks For Cats

Cats just like dogs are lactose intolerant so giving them cow’s milk can actually cause health issues, with stomach upsets and other related problems.

There are specially formulated cat milk drink treats which can be bought from pet shops which should be given on special occasions and be counted into their everyday food allowance. 


Young kittens will drink their mother’s milk until they are weaned, this is normally about 4 weeks or so when they will start exploring more solid food and drink water. Their mother should have access to clean freshwater and kittens will start drinking this as well as their mother’s milk until that stops.

Constant Fresh Water For Your Pet

There’s a super range of reasonably priced pet water fountains which keep water cool and plentiful, particularly useful if you cannot keep refreshing your pets water bowls during the day. Suitable for both cats and dogs us available from most major good pet stores.

What Sort Of Feeding Bowl Is Best?

  • 1.  Bowls that can be safely dishwasher are an excellent choice. 
  • 2. One bowl should be adequately sized for your pet for eating their main food and a separate water bowl always available.
  • 3. Ceramic bowls tend to keep food and water cooler.
  • 4. Bowls raised off the floor help those dogs with aching joints with less distance to follow.
  • 5. Stainless steel bowls are classic for easy care.
  • 6. Slow feeder bowls for those pets that help to slow down fast eaters. 

7. Heavier weighted bowls, stop them being easily manoeuvred sliding around a room by thirsty large dogs. 

8. Avoid using ordinary china plates for dogs as these can chip or break easily. 

9. Dogs with longer ears need higher rimmed bowls and smaller opening helping them not to get wet ‘dangly’ ears every time they take a drink.


10. Cats need smaller, shallow bowls who eat much smaller portions and can eat more frequently during the day. 

11. Shallow smaller bowls help to keep their whiskers out of the food. 

12. Food dries out very quickly, becomes smelly, ideally, food bowls should be replaced regularly during the day, and particularly in hot weather. 

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Keep reading

The Dog Treat Market

The enormous dog treats market is worth a staggering 462 million pounds in the UK (2018, Statistica). It’s enormous as pet owners love bonding with their pets and giving treats. However, it is helping some pets to pile on the pounds where owners are giving three or four treats at a time where only one is necessary. 

Pet weight issues can become a problem with insurer’s where they may refuse your pet treatment if the symptoms are found to have been preventable, caused by excessive feeding, so it’s important to ensure they are factored into your pet’s daily diet. 

Some vets believe they should be no more than 10% of the total daily pet diet and there’s no need to buy the high street snacks, high in sugar, fats and often preservatives. 

Try offering some safe and healthy vegetables to dogs. Favourites are a carrot, green beans and broccoli stalks, virtually no calories and keep dogs chewing at them for some time. 

Avoid giving pets hard items to eat as these can help to damage teeth such as bones which can also splinter hurting their mouth and cause bleeding. 

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Summer Frozen Treats

To help dogs stay cooler, you can try giving frozen treats such as cut-up apple (no pips), or carrots into manageable slices and freeze these down. 

Kongs are excellent in the freezer with a treat inside them such as peanut butter frozen down and your pet will love the cool licks to find the treat and lick it all out. A great idea for when dogs come back from walks during warm weather. 

Why Do Dogs Drink Water Out Of Toilets?

Revolting to humans, but dogs do not understand toilets! Dogs drink because they want cool freshwater and if their water bowl is empty or warm, they look elsewhereThis is classed as a common behaviour problem but it generally derives from the fact they need more cool water and will look for a fresh supply around the home.

The water in the loo is often cooler and fresher than that in their dog water bowl because the toilet is used and flushed regularly and it’s as simple as that, as to why dogs will lean over and stick their heads in the toilet!

Toilets are flushed several times a day and are often cleaner than their own dog water bowl if not refreshed regularly particularly during hot summer days. Constant flushing oxygenates the water and the ceramic bowl keeps the water nice and cool. If you want to try and stop your dog from drinking out of the toilet, you’ll need to increase the times you are providing clean freshwater in clean freshly washed-out bowls. 

You could consider changing the type of water bowls that you’ve been using. Your pet may prefer cooler ceramic bowls rather perhaps a plastic-type. Bathroom doors can stay shut preventing your pet access and a new house rule that the toilet lid is put down after every flush. 

One word of caution for using toilet cleaners. These are potentially toxic to dogs, so if your dog is a toilet drinker, make sure you clean the toilet well and flush thoroughly afterwards to avoid any accidents. 

Pet Water Fountains

If you’re a busy household and not always be there during the day to replace water for your pet, then you can consider purchasing a pet fountain, as featured above. These continuously circulate and oxygenate water staying fresh all day. Fountains are popular with many dogs and cats preferring to drink this water. 

\\\ pet foods should avoid

What Foods And Drinks Should I Avoid Giving My Pet?

There are very few human foods that do not cause toxicity or other medical conditions for dogs and cats. The rule is to avoid giving them to your pets and especially teaching young members of the family household not to give their pets “treats” such as very toxic chocolate to their furry friends.

A list of the 26 poisonous foods and drinks to avoid. Many accidents so often happen, when human food is left lying around your home where your pet finds it. 

  • 1 Chocolate (dark is the worst kind)
  • 2 Avocado 
  • 3 Raisins
  • 4 Alcohol 
  • 5 Onions
  • 6 Milk
  • 7 Coffee (any caffeine-based drink)
  • 8 Cheese
  • 9 Bacon 
  • 10 Macedonia nuts
  • 11 Chewing Gum
  • 12 Grapes
  • 13 Garlic
  • 14 Apples
  • 15 Uncooked bread dough
  • 16 Ice Cream
  • 17 Sweets
  • 18 Bones 
  • 19 Peaches
  • 20 Marijuana
  • 21 Raw Eggs
  • 22 Raw Meat
  • 23 French Fries
  • 24 Mushrooms
  • 25 Human Medicine
  • 26 Spices especially nutmeg, cinnamon, pepper

5 Tips Storing Your Pet Food Safely

1. Organise an area around the home where dog food can be stored carefully preferably in a locked space and out of reach of pets so they don’t snack-up on their own food without you knowing.

2. Make sure human food or cleaning chemicals are not accessible from floor to waist height in the kitchen or storage cupboard. This is a must-do. 

3. Don’t leave foods such as chocolate and wine glasses lying around on sitting rooms side tables to avoid nasty pet toxicity accidents when you’re not looking or get distracted.

4. Don’t leave food plates lying around in the dining room or lounge where your pet can sneak up and snatch any food left on your plates. Finish your meal and remove the plates to the kitchen area for washing up, stored at waist height and not accessible. Pets will use chairs to clamber onto tables!

5. Don’t leave any drugs and medicines by the bedside table or low reach in the bathroom. Dogs and cats will try to eat pills if left lying around. Put them safely away in a secure medicine cupboard.

A very useful video to remind puppy, dog, and cat pet owners about the problems of human foods not suited to your pet’s diet which can cause severe toxicity. 



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